How to Instruct a Drawing for Beginners

The art of drawing can be intimidating for beginner artists. However, it doesn’t have to be! As long as you teach them the basics of shapes, lines, light and shadow, they can create beautiful artwork.

Lines are essential for any piece of artwork, but especially in drawing. Work with your students on drawing lines that vary in length, width and pressure.

Basic Techniques

One of the first things beginner artists should learn is how to sketch. Sketching is simply putting pencil to paper and following it as you draw. This helps build a steady hand, which will then allow the artist to follow lines more easily. Sketching is also a great way to get rid of mistakes and practice different lines. The trick to sketching is to use long lines as much as possible. Start at the top of the page and go all the way down until you reach the bottom.

Another important drawing skill that beginners should learn is perspective. This can help them take their drawings to the next level by adding depth and realism to their artwork. This can be achieved by using a mirror or flipping the piece of paper upside down.

It is also important for beginner artists to understand how light works when drawing. This can be done by having them sketch an object under a lamp or setting it next to a window. This will help the artist see how light reflects and casts shadow on the object.

Beginner artists should always remember that they are still learning and it is okay to make mistakes. It is also important to set realistic goals for themselves. For example, instead of striving for perfection, they should aim to improve each time they create a new artwork. This will help them grow as an artist and feel successful.


If you’re new to drawing, it can seem like there are many different ways to do it. This is especially true when it comes to the materials needed. Experimenting with a variety of mediums can help beginner artists understand how each type of material affects the final results and what works best for them. It can also help them better understand important art theory, such as shading and perspective.

It’s also important to teach beginners how to draw what they see, not what they think they should see. This will help them to create realistic, three dimensional drawings. It will also help them learn how to use light and shadow in their work, which adds depth and drama to the finished piece. Additionally, it will help them become aware of proportions, which is essential in creating a lifelike image.

To do this, have them start by drawing a long line. This is the most important thing they need to do. They can even skip over the pencil eraser, as it is not necessary to do this exercise. They should continue to draw the line slowly and carefully. If they can’t complete the whole line, that is okay too. The goal is to get them comfortable with the idea of representing reality with lines. Once they’re comfortable with that, they can move on to more complex shapes.

Proper Position

A good drawing starts with a comfortable position. A beginner often attempts to stand or sit in a rigid pose that doesn’t allow them the freedom to move their paper or utensil. This can lead to a great deal of stiffness and discomfort. In addition, it can cause them to become hyper-focused on the drawing they are working on, which will hinder their progress and make it difficult to complete a full session.

To help overcome this, it is helpful to work on short sketches that don’t require a lot of detail. This will help beginners to get a feel for the way different lines connect and will enable them to draw shapes like cubes, spheres, and cylinders.

Beginners should also be taught to measure distances with their pencil. This will help them to create a more accurate drawing and will also improve the quality of their curves. To do this, they need to lock their arm and place it horizontally against the paper. Then they can line up their thumb against the top edge of their pencil to measure different lengths.

A common mistake beginners make is trying to identify parts of a subject with words before they try to draw it. This can lead to an unrealistic drawing, especially if the subject is complicated. For example, if the model has four legs but you can only see three your logical brain will tell you to add a fourth leg even though it isn’t actually there.


Drawing requires a lot of practice to develop and master the basics. Cultivating rookie art skills is challenging for anyone, but it can be especially discouraging for beginner artists because they don’t see results right away. Just like with any new skill, drawing requires dedication and regular practice to improve.

One important aspect of drawing is understanding light and shadow. Creating realistic drawings involves using these elements to portray form and detail. It’s also important to understand proportions, which are the dimensions of an object in relation to another. Teaching beginner artists these fundamentals can help them create more accurate representations of their subjects.

When practicing drawing, beginners should make sure they are working with a light source to help them see the details of their subject. They should also use a mirror to observe their work from all angles and spot any mistakes before they get too far into the process.

In addition to observing their subjects, beginner artists should spend time experimenting with different materials and techniques. This will help them develop an understanding of how each medium affects the final product and give them insight into their own unique style. It will also help them learn how to incorporate texture into their artwork, which can add a whole new level of depth and dimension to their finished pieces.

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